The Penedesenca breed's history can be traced back to the 20th century in the Spanish provinces of Catalonia, particularly the area around Vilafranca del Penedès. The breed derived its name from that particular town which is also known as "Penedes". Developed from native barnyard chickens, the Penedesenca today is known for its prolific egg-laying ability, able to produce plentiful of the darkest brown eggs than any other breed of chicken.
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The earliest variety to get accepted into the Standard of Perfection is the Black Penedesenca in 1946, although then it was still known as the Vilafranca chicken. However, there are a total of four accepted colors today - Black, Crele, Partridge, and Wheaten. Distinct characteristics the Penedesenca, of whatever variety, possess is a single comb with several lobes at the rear. Although a common breed in Central and South America, the Penedesenca chicken is quite rare in North America.
Active in nature, these chickens hate being confined so it's best to give them more room to move around. Because they originated in Spain, they are great in warm climates but don't really do well in cold weather.